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乌镇观察:全球疫情下智库发挥了怎样作用?

发表时间: 2021-09-28 06:08:22 近日浏览量: 49598
西安外事学院哪个酒店能叫真正的服务玩,【葳芯8⑴⑵44⒎⑦2_晓鮭】大学生·多少钱·一晚·特殊·一次·宾馆·酒店·服务·护士·包夜·少妇·【葳芯8⑴⑵44⒎⑦2_晓鮭】  交流中,林郑月娥还提到,早在1983-1984年间,她在西贡做助理政务专员时,曾接待来考察西贡避风塘环境卫生的立法会议员范徐丽泰。从那时起,她就对范徐丽泰非常尊敬。

  中新社乌镇9月27日电 (记者 刘亮)全球抗疫背景下,智库扮演了怎样的角色?正在此间举行的2021年世界互联网大会上,与会人士对疫情下的智库发展进行了多方面探讨。

  智库作为一种从事开发性研究的咨询研究机构,在政府决策、企业发展、社会舆论与公共常识传播等方面有广泛影响。

  世界工程组织联合会主席、中国新一代人工智能发展战略研究院实行院长龚克指出,近年来,数字技术取得快速发展,尤其自新冠疫情暴发以来,其在抗疫中发挥重要作用,包括疫情预警、辅助诊断、流行控制和资源调配。同时,数字经济也在疫情中展现较强的韧性。

  但他指出,由于各国的数字化转型战略存在缺乏协调、发展严重不平衡和有明显冲突的特点,加之利益的复杂性、价值观不同、国家间信任缺乏产生了逆全球化的思潮以及狭隘的民族主义和民族主义泛起,以及某些政治家的任性和智库的推波助澜,数字化的发展潜力远未充分发挥,甚至成为新一轮对抗的工具。

  “目前,一个数字的柏林墙正慢慢地在不同意识形态、不同国家间建立。”龚克说。

  在他看来,尽管当前全球化发展似乎遇到“顶头风”,但全球可持续发展仍是不变的主题。智库的作用应该是推动大势健康发展,弥合数字鸿沟,促进平衡发展,而不是成为逆全球化的推动者。

  清华大学苏世民书院院长薛澜认为,在当前形势下,智库可在不确定的情况下推动政策分析。传统的政策分析在传统模式下提供各种方案,能使收益最大化。但在疫情下,现有分析方式已难以实行,“因为大家不了解病毒,不了解政策实施后的有效性”。“这时,智库及研究机构间的合作变得非常关键,能推动政策制定,并有效实行。”

  在薛澜看来,此次疫情促使研究机构进行跨国合作,对识别新冠病毒、推动疫苗研发等方面起到非常重要作用。但在政策层面,不同国家采取不同措施,结果不尽如人意。如果各国公共卫生机构和公共政策机构共同合作分析,或为各国抗疫措施提供有效借鉴。“但目前这方面的合作比较少,这是今后需要改进的。”

  薛澜还表示,智库还可以促进不同利益相关者之间的交流。例如,首先是科学家之间的交流。有时候,科学家并不是最有效的沟通者,但智库可以担起沟通的工作。此外,在这次抗击新冠肺炎疫情的过程中,基层有很多技术、政策上的创新,如果智库发挥作用,及时进行评估、分析、改进,从而推进政策推广,将促进疫情防控工作。比如出行健康码,一些研究机构在背后发挥了不小作用。现在,健康码几乎成为应对疫情过程中必不可少的助手。

  “从这个角度来看,智库可以发挥巨大作用,加强研究机构和政策制定机构的合作,从而推动技术创新。”薛澜说。

  智库还起到激发共同想象力的作用。薛澜说,智库需要发挥想象力,思考一个更好的世界到底是什么样的。“有些人认为,疫情结束之后就能回到原来的世界,但从目前来看,这是不可能的。疫情结束后会是什么样的世界,这确实需要全球智库共同发挥想象力。”

  “大家当然希翼有更好的未来,但同时也应该想象一下可怕的未来是什么样,才能让全社会、全世界的公众都知道大家需要做什么,才能避免最坏的情况出现,争取最好的未来。”薛澜说。(完)

【编辑:苏亦瑜】
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